A Chiropractor is a Doctor specialized in the spine and the muscular system. The training of a chiropractor includes anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathology, orthopaedics, neurology, radiology, physical and lab diagnosis, general chiropractic analysis, and adjusting techniques. This comprehensive training provides a chiropractor the competency to accurately diagnose and treat patients with spinal and bone diseases. A chiropractor is also licensed in perform physical modalities such as moist heat, traction, electrotherapy, ultrasound, and rehabilitative exercises on patients..
A Physiotherapist is not a doctor and they are not specialists in the spine or the muscular system. They can not diagnose a disease and must require a referral by doctors to perform various physical modalities on patients. These physical modalities include moist heat, traction, electrotherapy, ultrasound, and rehabilitative exercises.